Rent prices have risen nearly twice as quickly as inflation in Birmingham over the last few years.
The average price of a two-bedroom property in the city stood at £695 a month as of March this year, according to data from the Valuation Office Agency.
That is up by £100 a month compared to an average price of £595 in 2014.
If prices had risen in line with inflation, they would have gone up to £647 - an increase of just £52.
The hike in private rents in Birmingham has been far steeper than the national average.
Across England, the average price of a two-bed property has risen from £580 in 2014 to £650 in 2018.
That is an increase of 12%, compared to 17% in Birmingham.
It still means, however, that prices across England as a whole are rising faster than inflation.
An inflation-only increase would have seen the average two-bed cost £631 a month in 2018, rather than £650.
Boroughs in London, the East of England and the South of England have seen the biggest rises in rental prices over the last four years.
In Barking and Dagenham, the median cost of a two-bed property has risen from £850 a month in 2014 to £1,200 a month in 2018.
That means prices have risen by 41 per cent, or nearly five times faster than inflation.
Luton, St Albans, Bristol, Havering, Epping Forest and Ipswich have seen the next fastest rises.
Just two places in the whole of England have seen rental prices drop since 2014.
One is Hartlepool, where the average two-bed cost £403 in 2018, down from £433 four years earlier.
The other is the Wirral, where the median two-bed rent has fallen from £495 to £475.