Measures put in place to ease tensions in the wake of the Lozells riots have been set up by people at grass roots level following council inaction, a black community leader has claimed.
There has been an increase in positive discussion between Afro-Caribbean and Asian communities, but little direct response from the local authority, Anthony Gordon, chairman of Handsworth Recreation Group, said.
He said: "There has been no direct response in terms of policy or programmes, but there has been greater engagement between communities.
"Definitely more dialogue is taking place between the community groups and the people who live here."
Mr Gordon said local authorities often did not react to events unless they affected mainstream society, citing gun crime and heroin abuse as examples.
He added: "I think the council are trying to get involved with community cohesion but I do not think they are taking it very seriously.
"I do not think they know how important it is for people if community cohesion is not working. "It is like heroin, or Aids, or gun gangs. It is the communities who are affected by these things that try to do something about them.
"It is only when it happens to people from outside these communities that the local authorities do something about it.
"It is OK to look into someone else's garden and see that there are problems and bad things happening, but it is only when it comes to your garden that you do something about it."
HAG mentors and supports youths from all communities who live in the north-west inner-city area of Birmingham. The socially-excluded youths benefit from the help of both black and Asian workers.
Mr Gordon said the Afro-Caribbean community remained rooted at the bottom of the social ladder because it was still segregated from society.
He said: "Look at the funding. It is not going to the black community because there are no improvements that we can see.
"Look at the statistics. What is plain and clear in the last 30 years is that the black community has been at the bottom, and we are still at the bottom. "The Pakistanis have been at the bottom and they have risen up, the Bangladeshis have been at the bottom and they have moved up."