Eleven men and a woman have admitted being involved in a massive people-smuggling ring which had links to the West Midlands.
The racket saw illegal immigrants being smuggled from the UK to the United States for £10,000 a time, it was claimed at Birmingham Crown Court yesterday.
It is alleged that the operation involved 15 people in total, including 12 who had previously pleaded guilty to immigration charges.
Three men who appeared in court yesterday denied allegations that they helped organise the racket or "escort" Indian nationals to the US.
The deception is alleged to have been masterminded in Sussex, but individuals involved also came from across the Midlands.
The organisers of the operation had met in the Brighton and Hove area through gambling addiction centres, the court heard.
It is alleged that more than 20 immigrants had travelled to the US with escorts on trips organised by Harekrishna Patel, an illegal immigrant who was living in Hove.
The escorts, who were paid £1,000 for each trip, helped the illegal immigrants ensure that they reached their destination, the court heard.
Stephen Brownson, from Sussex, acted as an escort on nine different occasions, the court was told, while a handful of other people travelled with illegal immigrants on two instances.
Brothers Rushil and Jaisal Patel, aged 24 and 21, from London, are alleged to have acted as escorts on one occasion each. Mitesh Bakhai, (38), from Crawley, is on trial for his alleged "organisational and liaising" role in the operation.
Rushil Patel, Jaisal Patel and Bakhai deny the charge of making or carrying out arrangements to facilitate entry to the US persons who they had reason to believe were illegal immigrants.
The trial continues.