Billions of pounds have been poured into initiatives such as excellence in cities, focusing on schools in deprived areas. Education Correspondent Shahid Naqvi looks at Labour's reforms over the last decade
Labour came to power promising to raise educational standards, level the playing field between youngsters from different backgrounds and tackle persistent failure.
A relentless focus on raising standards was the first stage, with an initial focus on primary schools. Numeracy and literacy hours were introduced.
Greater focus was placed on testing to check that standards were being met, evoking the wrath of teacher unions who claimed the joy of teaching and love of learning was being eroded.
Teachers also argued non-core curriculum subjects such as art and music were being squeezed out.
Despite making no apology for focusing on raising standards, Ministers eventually U-turned, to some extent, replacing testing of seven-year-olds with assessment.
The amount of support staff was dramatically increased in schools, with a doubling of classroom assistants as part of workforce reforms.
The reforms also gave teachers ten per cent non-teaching time to improve their work/life balance.
Some of the most radical reforms, however, focused on secondary schools.
Billions of pounds have been poured into initiatives such as excellence in cities, focusing on those in deprived areas.
Massive investment has been made in computers, electronic whiteboards and ICT equipment in schools.
The Government also committed more than #2 billion into modernising dilapidated secondary school buildings – albeit with heavy reliance on private finance initiatives.
Most controversially, the Government has changed the way schools – particularly secondaries – are run.
Under Tony Blair, the comprehensive system was effectively dismantled and replaced with a patchwork of different types of schools.
A focus on diversity and choice has allowed faith, voluntary-aided and independent schools to flourish.
As well as schools specialising in about 14 subjects, foundation schools, academies and now trust schools are being developed.
Mr Blair wants schools to be effectively led and free to innovate and go their own way. And the chief engine to enable this to happen has been the private sector.
Organisations of all sorts, corporate businesses, charities or religious groups and even individuals, now work in partnership with schools providing expertise.
The business world is also closely linked in developing a new vocational curriculum for 14 to 19-year-olds. Colleges will play a far bigger role in delivering this providing new pathways to university.
One of Labour's biggest challenges was to force through tuition top-up fees, despite promising not to. The reform, which sparked a revolt within Labour, only just scraped through.
The future for schools lies in a focus on "personalised learning" based around individual needs and extended schools offering "wrap around" services beyond the school day.