Defendants in the new trial of Saddam Hussein yesterday insisted the military was attacking only Iranian troops and Kurdish rebels when it launched the Anfal campaign in the 1980s in which tens of thousands of Kurds were killed.
Their comments came on the second day of the Baghdad trial, in which Saddam is charged with genocide over the 1987-1988 Operation Anfal, in which troops swept across northern Iraq, destroying villages.
The court heard a survivor testify his village of Balisan was bombed by chemical weapons.
"I saw eight to 12 jets. There was greenish smoke from the bombs. It was if there was a rotten apple or garlic smell minutes later. People were vomiting - we were blind and screaming. There was no one to rescue us. Just God," Ali Mostafa Hama told the court.
Hama, said he saw a newborn infant die. "The infant was trying to smell life, but he breathed in the chemicals and died," he said in Kurdish.
Six co-defendants - including Saddam's cousin Ali Hassan alMajid- are also on trial.