War veterans, ex-servicemen, war widows and civic dignitaries paid their respects to those who lost their lives in the Second World War in a special commemoration service in Birmingham to mark the 60th anniversary of VE Day.
The commemoration began with a wreath-laying ceremony at Birmingham's Hall of Memory in Centenary Square, when Lord Mayor Mike Nangle was joined by exservicemen, officers of the Royal Navy, the Army and the Royal Air Force, and the president of the Royal British Legion.
Accompanied by representatives of the war widows, the Lord Mayor then took the salute at the Council House, which was decorated with red, white and blue balloons.
War veterans looked on proudly, their uniformed chests decorated in medals, and flags were held high in the air as they were saluted by current members of the armed forces.
The streets around Victoria Square and Colmore Row were a sea of red, white and blue as the parade made its way to St Philip's Cathedral.
The parade consisted of war veterans, ex-servicemen and the 'Freedom of the City' regiments.
At St Philip's, they attended a service of commemoration which was broadcast live on speakers outside the cathedral and on the big screen in Chamberlain Square.
The service was led by the Dean of the Cathedral, the Very Reverend Gordon Mursell, and the leaders of the principal world faith communities in Birmingham were invited to offer their reflections on the theme of world peace.
Elnora Ferguson, from the Free Church, Roman Catholic Colonel Geoffrey Jones, Sikh Community leader Bhai Sahib Mohinder Singh Ji, Dr Mohammed Naseem from Birmingham Central Mosque, and Sir Bernard Zissman, from the city's Jewish community, each appealed for Birmingham's different faith groups to unite in their efforts to achieve peace.
In his sermon, the Bishop for Birmingham, the Rt Revd Dr John Sentamu, said: "A faith community for me exists for the world, not for its being. The world sets the agenda, not the faith community itself.
"Churchill said that this would be seen as their finest hour. You and I in Birmingham can make sure that those people did not die in vain, but so we can again say that this is our finest hour."
Norman Ward, aged 83, from Bromford Bridge, and his wife Connie, aged 78, attended the service.
Mr Ward, who served in North Africa, Italy and the Middle East in the Duke of Wellington's regiment, said: "The service was absolutely brilliant. VE Day is not a celebration but it is absolutely necessary.
"I never want to see another war. There has to be another way to find peace in the world. People talk about there being a war to end all wars but it makes everything futile."