Parviz Khan, born in Derby on October 17, 1970, turned from a young man whose main passions were Sunday league football and cricket into a radicalised jihadi after making several trips to Pakistan.
Raised in Birmingham and married with three young children, Khan's involvement with al Qaida transformed him into a homicidal obsessive who spoke of the July 7 bombers as "brothers".
Arrested just four months after giving his third child the name Usamah, another version of the Arabic name Osama, Khan regarded cigarettes as un-Islamic and was even "training" his three-year-old daughter to marry a Mujahadeen terrorist.
Bizarrely, despite his willingness to wage war against the British state, Khan was perfectly happy to receive more than £160-a-week from the Government as an allowance for caring for his elderly and infirm mother, Taj Begum.
Holding both UK and Pakistani passports, the bearded terrorist was codenamed "Motorway Madness" by the security services as they and the police spent a total of 8,500 hours collating and translating conversations recorded by a bug inside his £125,000 house on Foxton Road, Alum Rock.
According to the testimony of his co-defendant, Zahoor Iqbal, Khan was, while in his 20s, a man who liked to drink, smoke and go clubbing.
Iqbal said his near-lifelong friend then transformed in his early 30s from a nonpractising Muslim into an Islamist fanatic after visiting Pakistan.
"The TV had disappeared in his living room. It was odd," Iqbal recalled.
"He became more anti-West, blaming Britain for the Israel-Palestine issue, Kashmir, civilians dying in Iraq and Afghanistan."
By 2006, after another trip to the sub-continent, Khan's religious views had become more extreme.
Iqbal said: "He was watching a lot of propaganda material, a lot of anti-war material, depleted uranium being used. He had a computer in his front room and he would download and put it on the internet and watch it.
"His views had become very anti-West."
A resident in the Alum Rock area, who did not wish to be named, said Khan appeared to be a perfectly normal member of the community to those who lived nearby.
The man said: "If you say hello to a neighbour in Poundstretcher and the corner shop, and see him walking around with a baby you think he's just a regular guy. It's almost impossible to believe that he was involved in the things he had been caught doing."
Khan feared he would be damned by his Maker because his only notable achievements were a handful of commanding performances in the Birmingham Coronation Sunday League.
In a rare moment of soul-searching, Khan was recorded by the bug in his home apparently telling another man that he believed he would be judged a hypocrite in death.
"There is no answer," Khan mused. "Brother was a good footballer... centre mid-field . . . it's not going to be good enough . . . not good enough. I know if I die now, if I die tonight, if I am not working for Islam full time . . . pure hypocrite."
Khan boasted to friends that he was waging financial war on the West while "bleeding" a monthly total of £1,669 in benefits from the British taxpayer.
Khan - whose role looking after his 71-year-old mother earned him an allowance of £160 a week - was recorded telling associates the only reason he was living in the UK was to steal the nation's wealth and send it abroad.
"Muslims live here for one reason - to get their wealth and give it to the Muslims," Khan told a friend while being bugged by the security services. Explaining his remarks, Khan then added: "We shouldn't be living here . . . we are going to cut his throat, her throat . . .
"Britannia, America . . . by living among them we are going to squeeze them financially.
"We are here for a reason . . . because there is a financial war and we are going to make them bleed financially. If we cancel their finance and take it off them and give it to the Muslims, it's a big blessing for us."
Referring to non-believers, Khan then said fellow Muslims should "walk like them, speak like them, but don't be like them".
He added: "When you take from the Kafir (a term for non-believers) it makes you feel happy . . . take from them . . . then you know you are a soldier. It doesn't mean you need a machine gun - we are all soldiers - either we can be physical soldiers or we can be financial. Islam, man . . . getting strong and can destroy this Christianity."
Plot partners who helped or turned a blind eye
Four other Birmingham men were involved with Parviz Khan:
* Basiru Gassama
Jailed for two years and now faces deportation after pleading guilty at a previous hearing to a failure to disclose information about the plot.
A father-of-one, born in The Gambia in west Africa in October 1977, Gassama was living with his wife at a house in Radstock Avenue, Hodge Hill, Birmingham, when he was arrested. During the surveillance operation, Gassama, who had known Khan for at least 18 months, was given the codename "Regal Velvet" and was married to a French national.
The former security worker, who was unemployed at the time of his arrest, had a daughter from a previous relationship.
It is known that Gassama held several discussions with Khan concerning the soldier plot, although the prosecution found no evidence that he actually provided details of a Gambian serviceman to Khan.
One such conversation took place as early as July 29, 2006 - when Khan told Gassama that the plot would terrorise British soldiers and send Tony Blair "crazy".
The same topic is also known to have been discussed between Khan and Gassama the following month and again when films of beheading were played to Gassama on November 6, 2006.
Prosecutor Nigel Rumfitt, QC, said: "Gassama was of Gambian origin and he had the right contacts with the Gambian community, which is no doubt why Khan approached him in the first place.
"In fact, Gassama never came up with the details of any particular individual.
"Gassama appears to be torn between his support for Khan's cause, on the one hand, and his own conscience on the other.
"To his credit, as I've said, there's no evidence that Gassama ever did help and no evidence that he ever visited Khan again after he was shown those films in early November."
* Zahoor Iqbal
Described in court as Khan's "right-hand man", jailed for seven years after a jury found him guilty for his part in the shipment of goods.
Birmingham-born, a tall, apparently clean-cut married man, came across to colleagues at the school where he worked as a paragon of moderation who abhorred extremism.
A talented cricketer, who played for a local village side, the 30-year-old told his trial that he believed his trips to wholesalers with his long-time friend Khan were to buy relief aid for the victims of the Kashmir earthquake in October 2005.
Iqbal, a full-time school attendance and mentoring officer at Birmingham's Saltley School, told jurors he was Muslim but not practising and that he did not pray.
The former doorman, of Elmbridge Road, Perry Barr, also told the jury he believed the invasion of Iraq "was the right thing to do" and called the September 11 attack on the New York a "holocaust" in which innocent people died.
Former colleagues of Iqbal described him as a moderate Muslim, popular with staff and pupils.
Headteacher Anne Cole told the court: "I would describe Zahoor Iqbal as one of the most moderate Muslims I have ever met."
* Mohammed Irfan
Jailed for four years after pleading guilty to helping Khan with the supply of equipment.
Pakistan-born , aged 31, lived at Asquith Road, Ward End, and was referred to during the surveillance operation as "Festival Break".
A former delivery driver, Irfan was detained in an upstairs bedroom at the property at 4.28am on January 31, 2006 by officers who also searched a neighbouring property.
Several computers were found at his home, including a laptop. More than 1,000 incriminating files were found on the lap-top, including details of "household torture techniques" and documents detailing how to get rid of a body or make a garrotte.
Documents were also found which revealed Irfan's involvement in helping Khan gather material to send to Pakistan.
* Hamid Elasmar
Jailed for three years and four months after pleading guilty to helping Khan with the supply of equipment.
Casablanca-born, the oldest defendant, lived at Century Tower in Edgbaston and was codenamed "Haunted Room". A 44-year-old father-of-four who drove a white L-registered Peugeot, he was known to associates as Abu Tariq. Elasmar is thought to have married in the UK in 1992, but divorced in 2005 and remarried.
His flat in Edgbaston contained extremist material, as well as a whiteboard and a set of highlighter pens near the lounge window. Surveillance established that the board was being used on January 14, 2007, just a fortnight before police broke up the terror cell.