Barely a mile from Oldham town centre, at the end of a two-minute journey through thin, winding roads looping over sharp hills and full of red-brick terrace houses, is the area of Glodwick.
It could be any other innercity area, with its row of shops, terrace houses and scruffy green spaces which attract only windswept crisp packets and chip shop wrappings.
Plastered on the side of a property at the end of the row of terraces on Waterloo Street was a huge white banner calling for English World Cup glory featuring the word Inshallah, which means God willing in Arabic.
"We are going to do it you know. We are going to win it this time," said a ten-year-old Asian boy as I looked up at the words.
So much for a lack of British identity in Oldham, I thought.
It was at the other end of Waterloo Street five years ago that hundreds of Asian youths fought running battles with police and white youths on a warm Bank Holiday evening.
Britain's multi-cultural dream was shattered as an illusion during disturbances which caused £1.4 million of damage.
But it was the damage caused in community terms that required urgent attention, particularly as more inter-racial riots followed later in the summer in Burnley and Bradford.
The report into the Oldham disturbances, written by Professor Ted Cantle, pointed to communities leading "parallel lives" five years after the riots.
But outside Hussain & Son Cash and Carry, Shazad Qamar, a 38-year-old taxi driver dismissed any suggestion that tension remained in the once-divided town. "I consider myself an Oldhamer," he said.
"We all get along very well. I have not witnessed any problems in my taxi since the riots."
Inside the shop, Rafit Hussain, working behind the till, broke off from serving his customers and spoke about the lack of help from the local council.
"There needs to be something for the kids," he said. "The problem is that there is nothing for them to do. So they get in with the wrong sort of people. We do feel neglected."
Asif Hussain, the owner of Chanaal travels on Waterloo Street, said things were "getting much better" in Glodwick.
"My business is running very well and I have customers from all different communities," he added.
Further out of Glodwick, the challenges faced by agencies charged with building bridges between communities became more obvious.
Gangs of youngsters who walked around the town centre were in white or Asian groups. When passing through the districts of Oldham the groups changed in terms of ethnic make-up from one street to the next.
The town, situated on the north-east tip of Manchester, is not under any illusions that there is a quick-fix solution.
Much of Oldham's problems lie in the town's demography. A little more than ten per cent of Oldham's population is Asian, but Glodwick is 90 per cent Asian.
There has been a lot of good work carried out at grass roots level by the Oldham Inter-Faith Forum, which is made up Qari Shakir, secretary of Oldham Mosque, Father Phil Sumner, from the Catholic Church, and Donovan Meyer, a black minister who is also Vicar of Oldham. He was headhunted from South Africa.
"I think he was God sent," said Fazal Rehim, partnership development officer for the forum.
"We think we have made a difference. The far right has thrown all its resources into Oldham to try to win a council seat and I think we have contributed to the fact that their vote is constantly going down.
"But what you cannot measure is perhaps the understanding that is being built up between the different faiths and communities.
"The main thing which came of of the civil disturbances was the fact that people now recognise their responsibilities. We all have responsibilities to this town, whether you are white, Asian or whatever."