Parking wardens issued nearly 133,000 tickets to drivers in Birmingham last year – the third most in the country outside London.
The news comes as it was revealed an increased number of parking tickets were handed out in 2011 by local councils – a total of 6.8 million – despite there being less traffic wardens.
A ticket was issued every 4.6 seconds, and more than £234 million was raised, according to the figures obtained by insurance company swiftcover.com after a Freedom of Information request.
One in four tickets was disputed, with those appealing having a 39 per cent success rate.
The number of wardens or civil enforcement officers (CEOs) fell from 3,882 in 2010 to 3,693 in 2011.
As many as 461,000 of the tickets were issued by Westminster council in central London.
Outside the capital, the largest number of fines handed out in 2011 was by Liverpool (more than 146,000), ahead of Manchester (more than 138,000) and Birmingham (nearly 133,000). On average, 74,257 fines were handed out by each local council last year.
The busiest CEOs were found in Liverpool, handing out an average of 2,616 fines each in 2011, followed by those in Coventry (2,220) and Worcester (2,125), compared with just 296 fines per CEO in Sunderland.