Shares in Barclays made strong gains on Monday after the country’s third biggest bank confirmed it planned to sell billions of pounds-worth of new shares.
It confirmed weekend reports that it was considering a rights issue to reinforce its stretched balance sheeting but declined to say how much it hoped to raise.
One newspaper report on Sunday put the figure at £4 billion.
Barclays’ announcement that the move was “under active consideration” was enough to send shares up by seven per cent and trading at 340.25p after earlier hitting 358p.
The stock closed a more modest three per cent up at 329p. This was after Barclays fell to a ten-year low of 293p last week on concern its balance sheet was too stretched and growth was slowing.
Keefe, Bruyette & Woods analyst James Hutson said the placement and pre-emptive rights issue outlined by Barclays “would go a good way towards drawing a line under the market’s current capital concerns”.
Barclays said in a brief statement that its profit in May was “well ahead” of the monthly run rate of 2007, which was £590 million, providing reassurance that any more writedowns it has taken have been modest.
There has been persistent speculation that Barclays is seeking to raise billions of pounds from outside investors to shore up its capital position.
It is expected to structure a deal that will bring in cash from sovereign wealth funds and other investors but not dilute existing shareholders. That could see it give shareholders the chance to buy the same percentage of shares in the placing on the same terms offered to new investors, but it will be underwritten by the sovereign funds.
The shares could be placed at a premium, or a discount of up to 10 per cent. The mechanism should allow it to sidestep UK pre-emption rights guidelines that make it hard to sell a stake of over five per cent to an outside investor.
Analysts said the structure of the deal should see less dilution for investors than under a rights issue, it would remove the threat that unwanted stock is placed in the market, and avoid the volatile trading in shares during rights periods.
Barclays has one of the thinnest capital cushions in Europe and has so far not followed rivals in raising funds. Royal Bank of Scotland and HBOS are repairing capital with big rights issues.
It has taken a more modest hit from credit crunch losses than other banks but its capital adequacy ratio – with a core Tier 1 capital ratio of 5.1 per cent at the end of 2007 – is now one of the lowest.
The bank wants to raise its core Tier 1 capital ratio above 5.25 per cent. Each billion pounds raised would lift the ratio by about 0.25 percentage points, so its ratio would rise to nearly six per cent if it confirms a £4 billion fundraising and write-downs have been relatively modest.
Barclays has lost just over $5 billion from assets tarnished by the US subprime housing crisis and credit crunch, less than a third of the hits taken by RBS and UBS.
“There is some relief in the market – they are raising capital and it’s smaller than some had expected.’’ said a fund manager, who asked not to be named.
“This may not draw a line under the issue – they may have to come back to the market at some point and that goes for other banks too.’’
Investors in Barclays could include China Development Bank and Singapore’s Temasek, which both bought stakes at far higher prices last year.
In its statement on Monday, Barclays said its investment banking and investment management (IBIM) profits in May were in line with a year before, which analysts at Deutsche Bank said was “an extremely strong result” given the difficult capital market conditions and the strong year-ago performance.
Barclays said it had “continued to deliver strong growth in profits” in retail and commercial banking last month.
Its profit is expected to fall about 18 per cent this year to £5.7 billion, according to the average forecast from 23 analysts polled by the bank.