HSBC has said that a "resilient" performance had helped lift first-quarter profits despite an extra £3 billion in credit crunch losses.

The bank took the losses on bad debts from its US consumer finance business and write-downs on mortgage-backed investments hit by the financial turmoil.

HSBC said in a trading update in London that it had increased pre-tax profits in all major emerging markets such as Asia and the Middle East – but added that the outlook for 2008 was "unusually difficult" to predict and said a US recession was "increasingly likely".

Chairman Stephen Green said the bank’s global presence and range of businesses "are allowing us to support our customers in today’s challenging market conditions".

The update was also well-received by investors, with shares in the bank rising more than two per cent, up 16p to 882p.

Mr Green was upbeat after record quarters for the group’s commercial banking and private banking division, despite the continued problems in the US business, HFC.

HSBC said it saw higher losses across its US business as the economy veers towards recession, although bad debt levels were in line with management expectations.

Chief executive Michael Geoghegan said the pace of growth in bad debts had slowed, but this could be due to seasonal factors.

In 2007, the bank’s total bad debt and credit provisions hit £8.7 billion.

But the bank remains gloomy on the prospects for the US housing market, where soaring defaults among borrowers shattered confidence in investments based on the loans last summer – sparking the current credit crisis.

It added: "It seems likely that the deterioration in the US housing market will extend into 2009.

"There is an increased likelihood of a recession this year."

In the UK, HSBC said it had lifted profits at its retail banking business due to lower costs than last year, when it returned millions in overdraft fees to customers.

The company has focused on growing its savings deposits in the UK but launched a bid to boost its share of the mortgage market last month with its "rate-matching" offer.

HSBC has attracted customers by offering to match their existing fixed-rate deals for two years, although they have to have a 20 per cent deposit and pay a fee for the deal.

Analysts were impressed with the update, which failed to fulfil the worst fears in the City over bad debts in the US business and credit crunch write-downs.

Collins Stewart’s Alex Potter said: "Group profit was up on last year’s first quarter, which is a claim few banks in Europe will be able to make, we believe.

"The outlook statement is very muted but this is hardly a surprise whereas the US performance was well above worst fears. HSBC remains a safe haven and core holding for us."