Midland economist Kate Barker is stepping down from the Bank of England’s Monetary Policy Committee after nine years.
Ms Barker, from Stoke-on-Trent, will quit the MPC when her current term ends on May 31 and her position will be advertised early in the next Parliament, according to the Treasury.
Chancellor Alistair Darling thanked Ms Barker for her service as one of the UK’s nine policymakers.
She joined the MPC as an external member in June 2001 and has also led two Government-commissioned reviews of housing supply and land, published in 2004 and 2006.
Mr Darling said: “I would like to take this opportunity to thank Kate for the major contribution she has made since she joined the committee.
“During this period, her perspective has been extremely valuable, both to the work of the MPC and also to the Government through the independent reviews she has completed on housing supply and land use planning.”
The Treasury added it expects there will be “a short vacancy on the MPC” following her departure.
In a separate announcement, the bank also confirmed that MPC member Spencer Dale - executive director of monetary analysis and statistics and chief economist at the central bank - has been reappointed for a further three-year term from the end of May.
He has been a member of the MPC since July 2008.