Skills shortages are the biggest obstacle to economic growth in Birmingham, a major new report has revealed.
The report, called the Birmingham Economic Review 2017, has been produced by the Greater Birmingham Chambers of Commerce and the University of Birmingham
It sets out Birmingham's strengths and weaknesses and says the city is more successful than most in terms of attracting inward investment and establishing new businesses.
Birmingham also has above average employment in a number of sectors, including finance and insurance, education, public administration and defence.
In addition, there are a number of major opportunities for the city to take advantage of, including the new High Speed 2 (HS2) railway, potentially the most significant transport infrastructure project in the UK since the motorways were built in the 1950s and 1960s.
The economic review says that HS2 will have a substantial impact on the economic and transport environment in Birmingham and its surrounding areas.
But all of the good news could be undone by the skills shortage issue and a number of experts who have contributed to the report have highlighted this as a major problem.
The assessment was carried out by the University of Birmingham's City-REDI department - set up to advise on growing the region's economy.
Catherine Harris, of City-REDI, said that, as the youngest city in Europe, Birmingham had a huge pool of under 25s who were a major asset and a key opportunity - as long as their potential could be harnessed in the right way.
She said: "Such a large population of under 25s in the city is incredibly exciting because these young people will become the workforce of tomorrow and represent a great amount of potential.
"However, a young population is only an asset if they are equipped with the skills and opportunities they need to succeed as they enter the local workforce.
"In practice, this means closing the gap between business and education to help develop a sound skills base, becoming more attractive to graduates so that we retain talent in the city and working together to address unemployment and skills gaps across Birmingham."
City-REDI colleague Anne Green added that Birmingham had its fair share of high level skills, due to being home to a number of world-class universities, but the big problem was in the area of intermediate and low skills.
She said: "Local and regional statistics show that, in Birmingham and the West Midlands, this long tail of low skills is more pronounced than nationally and also that employment rates are lower than average."
Glenn Caton, president for Northern Europe of Cadbury's owner Mondelez International, said much more needed to be done in his company's sector.
He said: "We need schools to provide the basic skills in English and maths as well as inspiring pupils into science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) subjects and careers advisors to connect with businesses to provide alternative pathways.
"We recognise the value apprentices bring to our business and are committed to investing in a sustainable apprenticeship programme.
"In our business, apprentices are a vital pipeline of talent to help us close this skills gap. We are proud to employ 55 apprentices in the UK. But we still struggle to recruit people with the right skills."
And Judith Armstrong, chief executive of Millennium Point, said that the widening skills gap was a direct threat to Birmingham's 'innovative future', which required a significant proportion of new roles requiring job specific higher-level skills and qualifications.
She added: "In addition to improvements driven by changes in the curriculum, we must collaborate to bridge this gap by investing in initiatives that raise awareness of STEM and encourage pursuit of it in education."
Paul Faulkner, chief executive, Greater Birmingham Chambers of Commerce said: "Skills gaps clearly remain a major concern in Greater Birmingham and we consistently see this reflected in our Quarterly Business Report.
"However, the Birmingham Economic Review 2017 provides a detailed, striking analysis of the areas most affected.
"It is the hope of the chamber that this review will help businesses and policy makers ensure, going forward, that local people have the skills they need to access and succeed in the new jobs being created across Greater Birmingham."