More than 240 Birmingham tyre workers have walked out of their factory for the final time - bringing 125 years of manufacturing history in the city to an end.
The conclusion of production at Dunlop Motorsport, in Erdington, follows an ultimately doomed fight by MPs, unions and other campaigners to keep tyre making in Birmingham.
Erdington MP Jack Dromey, who has spearheaded the public campaign to save the factory, said: "This is a day of shame for Goodyear Dunlop. They could have moved three miles to Aston.
"But a decision was made 3,500 miles away in Ohio to end 125 years of manufacturing in Birmingham.
"Their message to a highly skilled and long-serving workforce is 'Thanks for your past loyalty, here’s your redundancy notice'."
In a message to the workforce, Mr Dromey added: "You can be proud of who you are, decent men and women, Birmingham's best. I share your sense of betrayal.
"Three generations of one family alone in Erdington had served 102 years in the factory.
"You deserved better. Now the task is to ensure not one Dunlop worker ends up on the dole.
"I will continue to work with good employers like Jaguar Land Rover and the Dunlop Aircraft Tyres factory to get you into a job as quickly as possible."
Goodyear Dunlop spokesman James Bailey confirmed that 241 manufacturing workers were leaving with the end of tyre production.
"We have had an extension from the landlord until September 1 and will continue with a range of operations, including warehousing, development testing, sales service and engineering.
"It is a sad situation for everyone – we didn't want, or had expected, to be in this position.
"In moving, you would have to build a brand new factory and we already had two other factories with capacity and capability in France and Germany.
"It is not just a case of making a choice between Birmingham and France and Germany - it was down to timescale and there is a cost factor."